ALL ABOUT MOLDOVAN WINE

Ever wondered what wine Moldova makes or what wine Moldova is famous for? Let us tell you. At Castel Mimi we are proud of the wines that we make at home and across Moldova as a nation.

What Wine Does Moldova Make?

Moldova has 112,000 hectares of vineyards planted with over 50 types of wine grape varieties, 10% of which are local varieties, 17% are Caucasian, and 73% are European varieties.

Local varieties include Fetească albă, Fetească regală, Rară neagră, Fetească neagră, Plavai and Busuioacă albă.

Introduced varieties include Chardonnay, Sauvignon blanc, Aligoté, Pinot gris, Pinot blanc, Riesling, Traminer, Muscat, Silvaner, Müller-Thurgau, Rkatsiteli, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot noir, Malbec, Saperavi and Gamay.

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Moldovan wine bottles. What wine does Moldova make/All about Moldovan wine
What Wine Is Moldova Famous For?

Moldova is perhaps most famous for Rară neagră (a red grape variety), Fetească albă (a white grape variety) and Fetească neagră (a red grape variety). These three varieties are all native to Moldova.

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Moldovan wine bottles. What wine does Moldova make/All about Moldovan wine
Moldovan Wine History

The first vines in Moldova were recorded 7,000 years BC. Later in 3,000 BC, wine started as a medium of exchange when the Dacians harnessed it as a commodity. Not only did they drink the wine but they also ate it, keeping it in a solid-state during wintertime.

Wine culture in Moldova evolved under Greek and Roman colonists who introduced new traditions.

In the Middle Ages Moldova continued its wine production and vineyard owners ruled the country. Viticulture reached its highest level of development in the 15th century, during the reign of Stefan the Great.

When Bessarabia, the ancient Moldova, was annexed to the Russian Empire in 1812, winemaking became the primary interest of aristocrats and the Russian élite, allowing new evolutions in Moldovan winemaking that saw it become prestigious in Europe as well.

Although World Wars I and II and the revolutions slowed down the development of winemaking in Moldova, under the USSR, Moldova became its biggest wine producer.

Moldovan winemaking was revived and modernised after Moldova obtained its independence in 1991. The wine industry, finally privately owned, could align itself with international standards whilst preserving its ancient traditions.

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Old Moldovan wine bottles. What wine does Moldova make/All about Moldovan wine
Moldovan Ice Wine

Ice wine is a type of dessert wine produced from grapes that have been frozen while still on the vine. The sugars and other dissolved solids do not freeze, but the water does, allowing for a more concentrated grape juice to develop. The grapes’ must is then pressed from the frozen grapes, resulting in a smaller amount of more concentrated, very sweet wine. With ice wines, the freezing happens before the fermentation, not afterwards.

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French oak barrels Moldova. What wine does Moldova make/All about Moldovan wine
Interesting Facts About Moldovan Wine

Moldovans like to think that the shape of the country resembles a bunch of grapes dropped onto the map.

Moldova is a small country with around 3.5 million citizens, yet around 250,000 people earn a living from wine.

Moldova has more grape vines per capita than anywhere else in the world – over 7% of agricultural land!

Find out more interesting facts about Moldovan wine with Castel Mimi.

Moldovan wine bottles. What wine does Moldova make/All about Moldovan wine

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